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Circadian wheel-runningactivityduringwithdrawalfromchronic intermittent ethanolexposureinmice

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Alcohol withdrawalisassociatedwithaffectiveebehavioraldisturbancesinbothhumanalcoholicsandinanimalmodels.Ingeneral,
these phenomenaarepotentiatedbyincreasedalcoholexposuredurationandbypriorwithdrawalepisodes.Previousstudieshavealsore-

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Effectsofrepeatedlightedark phaseshiftsonvoluntaryethanol and waterintakeinmaleandfemaleFischerandLewisrats

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Severallinesofevidenceimplicatereciprocalinteractionsbetweenexcessivealcohol(ethanol)intakeanddysregulationofcircadian
biological rhythms.Thus,chronicalcoholintakeleadstowidespreadcircadiandisruptioninbothhumansandexperimentalanimals,while

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Conditioned preferences and aversions in infant rats mediated through ethanol inhalation

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Little is known about the acute motivational effects of inhaled ethanol during early postnatal development. We analyzed the motivational
properties of ethanol inhalation in infant rats by using two distinct schedules of ethanol vapor delivery. Ethanol was presented in

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Effects of alcohol and saccharin deprivations on concurrent ethanol and saccharin operant self-administration by alcohol-preferring (P) rats

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Consumption of sweet solutions has been associated with a reduction in withdrawal symptoms and alcohol craving in humans. The objective
of the present study was to determine the effects of ethanol and saccharin (SACC) deprivations on operant oral self-administration.

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Are treated alcoholics representative of the entire population with alcohol use disorders? A magnetic resonance study of brain injury

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Almost all we know about neurobiological brain injury in alcohol use disorders has been derived from convenience samples of treated
alcoholics. Recent research has demonstrated more comorbid conditions, poorer psychosocial functioning, and higher dependence levels in

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Acute alcohol intake impairs lung inflammation by changing pro- and anti-inflammatory mediator balance

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Previous studies have shown that alcohol (ethanol [EtOH]) intoxication impairs lung immunity by affecting cytokines pivotal to the inflammatory
process. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that acute alcohol intoxication impairs lung innate immunity by

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Alcohol-drinking history and fatal injury in older adults

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Although most clinical guidelines for older adults allow for one drink a day in persons without a history of alcoholism, diabetes, or
cardiovascular disease, alcohol may contribute to fatal injury in the elderly. Using two national surveys, this caseecontrol study determined

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Activation of serotonin-3 receptors increases dopamine release within the ventral tegmental area of Wistar and alcohol-preferring (P) rats

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

The objectives of the present study were to (a) examine the effects of activating serotonin-3 (5-HT3) receptors on dopamine (DA) release
in the anterior and posterior ventral tegmental area (VTA) of Wistar rats and (b) determine if there are differences in 5-HT3estimulated DA

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Glutamate and dopamine synaptic terminals in extended amygdala after 14-week chronic alcohol drinking in inbred alcohol-preferring rats

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Abstract
Alcohol has been shown to affect glutamate (GLU) and dopamine (DA) release and their correlated receptors in the key reward centerd
extended amygdaladwhich includes the shell of nucleus accumbens (sNAc) and central nucleus of amygdala (cAmg). It is unclear to

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A comparison of neurocognitive function in nonsmoking and chronically smoking short-term abstinent alcoholics

Русский
Аннотация научной статьи: 

Approximately 70e90% of individuals in North America seeking treatment for alcoholism are chronic smokers. A growing body of
evidence suggests chronic cigarette smoking alone adversely affects neurocognition in adults. However, few studies on the neurocognitive

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